Capital: Ulaan Baatar,
Mongolia's population: 3 million.
Total population of UB: 1,200,000
94% of the population of Mongolia are ethnic Mongols, mainly from the Khalkha clan. About 9% of the ethnic Mongols come from the Durbet, Dariganga, and other clans.
Territory: 1,564,400sq.km divided into 21 aimags/provinces
State structure: Unitary state administratively divided into 21 aimags /provinces/ and capital city.
The highest point: Huiten peak, at 4,374 meters (14,350 feet).
The lowest point: Valley of Blue lakes, at 518 meters (1,700 feet)
Mongolian Government: Since 1990, Mongolia has had a multiparty parliamentary democracy. All citizens over the age of 18 can vote.
The head of state: the President; executive power is shared with the Prime Minister.
The legislative body is called the Great Hural, made up of 76 deputies. Mongolia has a civil law system, based on the laws of Russia and continental Europe.
Economy: Based on agriculture livestock breeding and also mining as gold, coal and cooper.
Head of livestock: 31 million
Industry (31% of 2010 GDP, composed of mining 21.8%, manufacturing 6.5%, and utilities (electricity, gas, and water) 2.4%): Types--minerals (primarily copper and gold), animal-derived products, building materials, food/beverage.
Trade: Total turnover of foreign trade for 2010 was $6.1 billion. Exports--$2.9 billion (U.S. dollar (USD) : minerals, livestock, animal products, and textiles.
Language of Mongolia: Khalkha Mongol is the official language of Mongolia, and the primary language of 90% of Mongolians. Others in common use include different dialects of Mongolian, Turkic languages (such as Kazakh, Tuvan and Uzbek), and Russian.
Alphabet: Cyrillic alphabet.
Mongolian Economy: The economy of Mongolia depends upon mineral mining, livestock and animal products, and textiles. Minerals are a primary export, including copper, tin, gold, molybdenum, and tungsten.
The currency: Tugrik; USD are usually accepted for shopping in Ulaanbaatar. But it is much better to carry some cash in countryside. Travelers can change money at any bank of the even in small towns. $1 US = 2430 tugriks. (2017)
Time zone: +8 hours to GMT
Country code: 976 and area code for Ulaanbaatar is 11